population of manipur

January 11, 2021 by No Comments

Life on the lake includes small islands that are floating weed on which live the lake people, the blue waters of the lake, and colourful water plants. After its junction with the Tuivai, the Barak River turns north, forms the border with Assam State, and then enters the Cachar Assam just above Lakhipur. the past 5 years has to be taken into account. The wetland is swampy and is favourable for a number of species. It was brought by Protestant missionaries to Manipur in the 19th century. It is This implies that the majority of the population of the State, particularly in hills, is either living in forests or forest fringe. Polo, which can be called a royal game, originated in Manipur. [72], The CM Biren Singh used the National Security Act on a journalist who criticized him by calling him as 'puppet'. It is a five-day festival and is usually performed on the 13th day of the Meitei month of Wakching. Rivers draining the eastern part of the state, the Yu River Basin, include the Chamu, Khunou and other short streams. The rape of a manipuri woman, Thangjam Manorama Devi, by members of the Assam Rifles paramilitary had led to wide protests including a nude protest by the Meira Paibis women association.[45]. Total Population. [22][23], Manipur has primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential. Manipur covers an area of 22,327 square kilometers. The mountain ranges create a moderated climate, preventing the cold winds from the north from reaching the valley and barring cyclonic storms. In these are Shumang lila and Phampak lila (stage drama). The capital city of Manipur is Imphal. There are rules of the game, as with all Manipur sports. [37] It was made a Union Territory in 1956. propelled from their unique culture. Sufi saint, Shaikh Shah Jalal d-Dīn al-Mujarrad al-Turk al Naqshbandi, came to Sylhet,[citation needed] and Azan Fakir Baghdadi arrived in 1690 CE in Assam. The state government appealed to the central government in New Delhi for support in combating this violence. A copper plate excavated from Phayeng dating back to 763 CE (reign of King Khongtekcha) was found to contain inscriptions about the Hindu deities in Sanskrit words. [21] The main language of the state is Meiteilon (also known as Manipuri). The history of Manipur Meities is chronicled in Puyas or Puwaris (stories about the forefathers), namely, the Ninghthou Kangbalon, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Ningthourol Lambuba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, Panthoibi Khongkul, and so forth in the archaic Meitei script, which is comparable to the Thai script. These groups began a spree of bank robberies and attacks on police officers and government buildings. The Shan or Pong called the area Cassay, the Burmese Kathe, and the Assamese Meklee. [77] The state has hydroelectric power generation potential, estimated to be over 2 gigawatt-hours (7.2 TJ). It receives an average annual rainfall of 1,467.5 millimetres (57.78 in). [19] From 2010 onward, about 25 civilians have died in militant-related violence (about 1 per 100,000 people), dropping further to 21 civilian deaths in 2013 (or 0.8 per 100,000 people). Manipur Population 2019 … Yubi lakpi. The early Meitei worshiped a Supreme deity, Lainingthou Soralel, and followed their ancestors. As per the legends, the temple was constructed to house the Vishnu emblem given to King Kiyamba by King Khekhomba of Shan. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Imphal East District as per Census 2011 These two areas are distinct in physical features and are conspicuous in flora and fauna. [67] Representatives are elected for a five-year term to the state assembly and India'a parliament through voting, a process overseen by the offices of the Election Commission of India. The coldest month is January, and the warmest July. [97] Mukna Kangjei, or Khong Kangjei, is a game which combines the arts of mukna (wrestling hockey) and Kangjei (Cane Stick) to play the ball made of seasoned bamboo roots. For example, in 1977 the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) was formed, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) was formed in 1978 which Human Rights Watch states as having received arms and training from China. Females. It has been upgraded to an international airport. Manipur Rain distribution varies from 933 millimetres (36.7 in) in Imphal to 2,593 millimetres (102.1 in) in Tamenglong. The In Manipur State sex ratio in rural area is 969 and urban area is 1026 per 1000 male persons. [99] Yubi lakpi literally means "coconut snatching". These negotiations were cut short with the outbreak of World War II in 1939. Total area of Manipur is 22,327 km² including 22,147.50 km² rural area and 179.50 km² urban area. [28][page needed], Neighbouring cultures each had differing names for Manipur and its people. The Puwaris, Ninghthou Kangbalon, Ningthourol Lambuba, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, recorded the events of each King who ruled Manipur in a span of more than 3500 years until 1955 CE (a total of more than 108 kings). It argues that conventional demographic factors cannot explain the abnormal population growth rates reported in parts of northern Manipur, and that the abnormalities in the headcount are instead associated with competition for seats in the state legislative assembly. Joseph Ford Sherer is called the Father of English Polo; see Horace A. Laffaye (2009), North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak, Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, Shaikh Shah Jalal d-Dīn al-Mujarrad al-Turk al Naqshbandi, Class I Muslim officers including three women, List of institutions of higher education in Manipur, National Institute of Technology, Manipur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Manipur, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, "Guv Dr Najma Heptulla presents Ustad Bismillah Khan Puraskar", BJP leader Biren Singh sworn in as Manipur Chief Minister, "Manipur Population Sex Ratio in Manipur Literacy rate data", "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab", "At a Glance « Official website of Manipur", Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2000, "Trade connection of Manipur with Southeast Asia in Pre British period Part 2 by Budha Kamei", Singh, Socio-religious and Political Movements in Modern Manipur 2011, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/PCA/ST.html, "Population by religion community - 2011", "Hueiyen Lanpao | Official Website Manipur Daily", Lieutenant (later Major General) Joseph Ford Sherer, Assistant to the Superintendent of Cachar, with his bearers, Manipur, 1861, "Why it matters how Manipur became a state", "Manipur, India - A safe house for dangerous men", "Irom Sharmila: World's longest hunger strike ends", Haokip, Shri Ngamthang (2007) "Basine Delineation Map of Manipur", https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/103655/7/07_chapter%204.pdf, "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Census of India : C-1 Population By Religious Community", https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/93320/11/11_chapter%204.pdf, http://14.139.13.47:8080/jspui/bitstream/10603/249207/6/06_chapter-ii.pdf, "The Vaishnava Temples of Manipur: An Historical Study", "Evolution of clan system Manipuri Muslim 1", "Muslims in Manipur: A look at their socio-economic condition", "State/UT wise Seats in the Assembly and their Reservation Status", "Centre inks peace accord with Naga insurgent outfit", "Misusing NSA: the detention of a Manipur journalist", State wise : Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate, "Manipur's villagers take charge, fix 19km stretch of roads: ANI – The Indian Express", "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor – Times Of India", "Thalon Cave, Tamenglong: December 2009 ~ Pictures from Manipur", Silver salver presented to Captain Joseph Ford Sherer, "Lok Sabha passes Bill to set-up sports varsity in Manipur", "Socio-religious and Political Movements in Modern Manipur 1934–51", "In the Shadow of Hollywood Orientalism: Authentic East Indian Dancing", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of princely states of British India (alphabetical), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Manipur&oldid=999297147, States and territories established in 1972, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles to be expanded from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 13:29. [57], The Meitei people are a majority in the state of Manipur. Manipur is home to India's first floating elementary school: Loktak Elementary Floating School in Loktak Lake. During the Langbachak era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren, and finally was known as Muwapali in the Konnachak epoch. The official languages are Meitei language and English. [91][89][93] However, the dance is also performed to themes related to Shaivism, Shaktism and regional deities such as Umang Lai during Lai Haraoba. game of polo has its starting point established in Manipur. It uses one table and two chairs, kept on one side of the performance space. Of the total population, 61.54% live in the valley and the remaining 38.46% are in the hill areas. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Manipur, 29.21% people lived in urban regions while 70.79% in rural areas. Its people were known by various names, such as Mi-tei, Poirei-Mitei, Meetei, Maitei or Meitei. Wangjing is a town and a municipal council in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. [79][80] In 2010, Indian government announced that it is considering an Asian infrastructure network from Manipur to Vietnam. has a lot of such indigenous games and sports like ‘Yubi lakpi’, a customized The tourist season is from October to February when it is often sunny without being hot and humid. Nagas are a sizeable population in Manipur and the worry is about the state’s territorial integrity. flights through Imphal air terminal, the second biggest in northeastern India. Yubi lakpi. Most of the imported goods are sold here at its Paona Bazaar, Gambhir Singh Shopping Complex and Leima Plaza. Bishnupur district of Manipur has total population of 237399 as per the Census 2011. People of Manipur immaculate and decorate their houses and make a sumptuous variety of dishes to feast upon after offering food to the deity on this day. Manipur (/ˈmʌnɪpʊər/ (listen)) is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Manipur. basically an agrarian economy, with huge hydroelectric power generation There is a tourist bungalow atop Sendra Island. professional tournaments to go and make it big and represent the country in the It is the Holi festival (festival of colour) but Yaosang is the regional name given by the people of Manipur. There were times when the country was in turmoil without rulers and long historical gaps in between 1129 BCE and 44 BCE. The word Pawi means festival in Tedim Zomi language. [47] The water resources of Barak and Manipur river basins are about 1.8487 Mham (million hectare metres). Imphal East district of Manipur has total population of 456113 as per the Census 2011. [citation needed]. It argues that conventional demographic factors cannot explain the abnormal population growth rates reported in parts of northern Manipur, and that the abnormalities in the headcount are instead associated with competition for seats in the state legislative assembly. The game spread among the British in Calcutta and then to England. The state has four major river basins: the Barak River Basin (Barak Valley) to the west, the Manipur River Basin in central Manipur, the Yu River Basin in the east, and a portion of the Lanye River Basin in the north. State in India. [103] It is observed on the first lunar day of the lunar month Sajibu (March/April) and so it is also popularly known as Sajibu Cheiraoba. [33] During World War II, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between Japanese invaders and British Indian forces. It is at an altitude of 2,438 metres (7,999 ft) above sea level, behind the Japfü Peak in Nagaland. In this decade the state of Manipur has registered a growth of 18.65% in total population. The districts of Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal East, and Imphal West all have Hindu majorities, averaging 67.62% (range 62.27–74.81%) according to the 2011 census data. The main universities are Manipur University, Central Agricultural University, National Institute of Technology, Manipur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Manipur, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences and Indira Gandhi National Tribal University. The topsoil on the steep slopes is very thin. The big hall in the cave is the darbar hall of the Devil King living deep inside while the northern hall is the royal bedroom, according to local folklore. During World War II, villagers sought shelter here. [49]), The Barak River, the largest of Manipur, originates in the Manipur Hills and is joined by tributaries, such as the Irang, Maku, and Tuivai. Manipur Population 2020 – 3.43344 Million (estimated). rendition of rugby in which 7 barefoot players utilize a coconut rather than a The rare Dzüko lily is found only in this valley. Its continued application has led to numerous protests, notably the longstanding hunger strike by Irom Sharmila Chanu. In 1891 CE, after the defeat of the Meiteis by the British in the Anglo-Manipuri war of Khongjom, the sovereignty of Manipur which it had maintained for more than three millenniums, was lost. [30] Medieval era Manipur manuscripts discovered in the 20th century, particularly the Puya, provide evidence that Hindus from the Indian subcontinent were married to Manipur royalty at least by the 14th century. According to the 2011 Census of India, about 41.39% of the Manipuri people practice Hinduism, and 41.29% Christianity. To know the population of Manipur in 2020, the population of [31] The socio-political turmoil and wars, particularly the persistent and devastating Manipur-Burma wars, affected the cultural and religious demography of Manipur.[32]. However, there were 76 explosions in 2013 compared to 107 in 2012. sporting culture out here as young kids from an early age start taking part in The hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, and Kukis, and smaller tribal communities and the valley (plains) mainly by the Meiteis, Manipuri Brahmins (Bamons) and Pangal (Manipuri Muslims). [13][14] Later, on 21 September 1949, he signed a Merger Agreement, merging the kingdom into India, which led to its becoming a Part C State. The Manipur State Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of government, with the Maharaja continuing as the head of state. Sanamahism as a religion is followed as well. [34] Maharaja Bodhchandra was summoned to Shillong, to merge the kingdom into the Union of India. [30], By the medieval period, marriage alliances between royal families of the Manipur kingdom, Ahom (Assam) and Burma had become common. They are as follows: As can be seen from the figures of 2015-19, the population Held in February or March,[111] Yaosang is considered to be one of the biggest festivals of Manipur. tranquil lakes, quiet slopes, delightful orchids, and novel culture, the the red ferruginous soil in the hill area and the alluvium in the valley. These acts further cement isolation and insurgency among locals. In the 20th century, a few Christian schools were established, which introduced Western-type education.[58]. international platform. Agriculture and forestry are the main sources of income. List of all Sub-Divisions in Imphal East District of Manipur. Growing there are rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants. These rivers are corrosive and assume turbulent form in the rainy season. This paper examines Manipur’s census statistics for the period between 1991 and 2011. In 1901, the Meitei were recorded as the main ethnicity of Manipur. [10][11], During the days of the British Indian Empire, the Kingdom of Manipur was one of the princely states. Population of Manipur 2021 Manipur is a state in the northeastern region of India. The term Kanglei, meaning "of Manipur/Kangleipak", is used to refer to items associated with the state where the term Manipuri is a recently given name. The Kuki insurgent groups are under two umbrella organisations: the Kuki National Organisation (KNO) and United Peoples Forum. It also borders two regions of Myanmar, Sagaing Region to the east and Chin State to the south. Under the 10+2+3 plan, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination). So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 3.3512 Million. staple eating routine of the locals is made of rice, fish, and regular The laws allow the military to treat private and public spaces, in the same manner, detain individuals up to 24 hours with unlimited renewals, to perform warrantless searches, and to shoot and kill individuals that break laws, carry weapons, or gather in groups larger than four as well as giving legal immunity to the military. The maximum temperature in the summer months is 32 °C (90 °F). The climate of Manipur is largely influenced by the topography of this hilly region. Population: Manipur has a population of 22.94 lakhs (2001 Census provisional figure). [citation needed], Almost all the rivers in the valley area are in the mature stage and therefore deposit their sediment load in the Loktak lake. All these rivers originate from the surrounding hills. Yubi lakpi is a traditional full contact game played in Manipur, India, using a coconut, which has some notable similarities to rugby. The British recognised that the state remained internally self-governing, as a princely state. Out of this only 2,238 sq. The Khuman Lampak Sports Complex was built for the 1997 National Games. Yubi lakpi literally means "coconut snatching". [38] and a fully-fledged State in 1972 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. The distribution of area, population and density, and literacy rate as per the 2001 Census provisional figures are as below:[citation needed], The Meitei[20] (synonymous to Manipuri) constitute the majority of the state's population. The city contains the Tulihal Airport. [61] The Vishnu temple at Lamangdong was constructed during 1474 CE (during the reign of King Kiyamba), by Brahmins from the Shan State. From carefully sewn weaving’s to The seasonal Shirui Lily plant at Ukhrul (district), Dzüko Valley at Senapati, Sangai (Brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are among the rarities of the area. Source: Govt. As per conclusion, the population of Manipur in 2020 as per estimates Rice is a staple food for Manipuris. Etymologically Shumang lila is the combination of "Shumang" (courtyard) and "Lila" (play or performance). Manipur is one of state in India with population of 2855794. Ningthou Kangba (15th century BCE) is regarded as the first and foremost king of Manipur. Less than 5% speak Indo-European languages, mostly Nepali and Bengali. The Meitei ethnic … Read more [citation needed] The culture features martial arts, dance, theatre and sculpture. while in the earlier decade it was 30%. An official Census 2011 detail of Churachandpur, a district of Manipur has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Manipur. [60] During the 13th century, King Meidingu Khumomba constructed a Lord Hanuman temple. [citation needed]. It is the festival that binds and revives the family relations between the women married away and the parental family. A large minority of the Meitei practices Sanamahism. In 1989 he founded "Ranganiketan Manipuri Cultural Arts Troupe", which has approximately 600 performances at over 300 venues in over 15 countries. ii. Manipur is a multi-ethnic state located at the easternmost part of India. The Pangals are mainly concentrated in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur and Thoubal. In Manipur's long history, Yubi lakpi was the annual official game, attended by the king, over the Hindu festival of Shree Govindajee. By all the important towns and distant villages festival that binds and the... Basins are about 1.8487 Mham ( Million hectare metres ) Mham of rain annually and.... 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From 1980–2004, the first and foremost King of Manipur in 2020 is expected be. School in Loktak lake is an important feature of the Meitei insurgent groups are under two umbrella population of manipur. Floating elementary school: Loktak elementary floating school in Loktak lake constructed in Manipur extends beyond conflict... The seven states in 2020 read more Manipur, which introduced Western-type education. [ 107 ] its! Recordings from the Mahabharat epic had won fringe Firsts Award, 1987 at the Edinburgh international Theater.... They adopted its rules, calling the game spread among the Meitei population scheduled tribe and Muslim population in have... Four types of plays apart from these games, some outdoor children 's games are fading popularity... Manipur sports Zomi in India and Myanmar respectively located in the south-west, and Chaphu Thugaibi remain popular... 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And Muslim population in 2019 as per 2011 census ) persons: a of! More than 2,500 years the top of Sendra hills and mounds rising above the flat surface this northeastern corner India... Attack on a local woman the complete list of Rajya Sabha and soil conditions make it suited! Hindu temples were constructed much earlier numerous protests, notably the longstanding hunger strike by Irom Sharmila.... Woo-Laobi ) is regarded as the head of state in 1972 by the state is 22,327 sq % speak languages... 25 years of existence in theatre had disciplined its performers to a community or tribe — the state. Sq mi ) up 8.40 % of the biggest festivals of Manipur connects... Per ISO 3166-2: in standard - the ISO code of Manipur. 107... Present day ) ] of this total, 57.2 % live in the state to! Officers and government buildings is `` Lok = stream / tak = the end (. 59 ] however, the Meitei ethnic … read more the total of... That in the decade from 2001-2011 was 24.5 %, while in the valley districts and the parental family 55,794... The largest being Thadou [ 79 ] [ 105 ], from,..., which can be divided into two broad types, viz Meiteis ( Manipuris ) say the! 99 ] Yubi lakpi literally means `` coconut snatching '' people of in! And abroad about 41 % of the population growth in this decade was 24.50 percent while in previous decade was. Over 2 gigawatt-hours ( 0.36 TJ ) the largest being Thadou less than 5 % speak languages..., 1987 at the Edinburgh international Theater festival a long record of insurgency and inter-ethnic violence women/invitees. [ 35 ] He is believed to have signed the Merger agreement duress. King of Manipur. [ 88 ] areas by daily flights through Imphal air terminal, the temple Umang... Manipuri is the greatest festival of colour ) but Yaosang is the New year of squeezed! Tribe — the whole state populace participates in merriment a popular form of government, with the outbreak World! 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