how to prune avocado plant

January 11, 2021 by No Comments

Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. It is recommended to prune during early spring or summer and wash your tools between pruning different trees to prevent shock and the spread of blights. When well established, apply a general-purpose pot plant feed every seven to ten days during the spring and summer and at about six to eight week intervals during the remainder of the year. Last point, a general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune off more than 1/3 of the plant. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. In addition to annual pruning, staking your tree is a great way to keep its branches healthy and intact. The first serious trimming should occur when the plant is only 12 inches tall. If you want to promote overall growth, then prune back branches in the spring, while pruning during the summer will promote regrowth length and make the tree grow wider and taller. The avocado tree is a tropical plant.It is unsuited to grow outside in colder climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Feeding. Sometimes, however, your tree may need major re-shaping, and in that case, you may have to do some heavier pruning. References. Broken branches should be removed completely with loppers or hand pruners. Without this pruning and topping, avocado trees grow to … 1. … Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. Hint: To avoid having to make several backs and forth trips, it is useful to bring all of the tools you will be needing with you to the work spot. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. If you are going to be wearing a T-shirt, it is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection. It has grown incredibly. Open your avocado, as explained above. Remove the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse off any excess flesh. Always store any cutting equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household pets. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit. Trees I raise using the water and toothpick method are generally pruned before planting. Use hand pruners for branches less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter. Transfer your avocado plant to a pot filled with soil. There is no need to put on some special uniform, and you should be fine wearing some regular casual clothes if you add in the aforementioned gloves and hat/visor. Perhaps you’re growing your tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting it. An annual prune makes for a quick, easy job. For the love of avocados, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Caring for Avocado Trees. Pruning Your Young Tree to Encourage Growth, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/aid9970356-v4-728px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Prune back vigorous central shoots while the tree is still young. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. Pruning your avocado tree when it’s young is all about creating shape, and knowing what shape you’d like will help you achieve your goal. The top of the potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the surrounding soil. @2020 - All Right Reserved. Here’s a short guide, just a few simple steps to grow an avocado plant at home from its seed. Avocados need a lot of foliage as that helps ensure a large amount of fruit. Dig a whole large enough to fit the root system. During transplanting; The first pruning takes place at this stage. Support wikiHow by As it gets taller, pinch off new growth throughout the summer to force new branches to form, because avocado fruit develops on new growth. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides and recipes from Avocado Buddy! Remove and gently clean the seed. In less than two months you will have your first blossom from a simple seed, and without too much effort or needing to be green fingered. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Adding fertilizer on top of that could lead to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth. The following year, … Should I prune my avocado tree before or after I plant it? We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. Although watering, fertilization and soil choice are quite important when it comes to growing avocados, there is one aspect of avocado growth that often goes undiscussed or at least under-discussed, and that it pruning. Let your tools soak in the solution for 30 minutes. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Leave the shorter lateral branches alone. This is especially essential if the tree’s branches start tangling with another or if they are blocking you from mowing or irrigating. When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree, there are a few guiding principles that you should keep in mind. This is a much better way to keep the tree’s growth in check as it will not lower fruit yield and you can do it any time of the year. Create a few little “windows” by pruning back a few of the topmost branches but always be sure not to create too many open areas so as no expose the major branches to too much sunlight. Disinfect your tools. The avocado is native to Central and South America, where the different varieties grow over a range of climates. Remove only 1 major branch per summer starting with the tallest. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/the-trick-to-growing-an-avocado-tree-indoors/, http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/care/tools-and-equipment/disinfecting-tools.html, https://inhabitat.com/how-to-grow-an-avocado-tree-from-an-avocado-pit/, https://newengland.com/today/living/gardening/how-to-prune-houseplants/, https://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/avocado.html, Ein Avocado Bäumchen in einem Blumentopf zurechtstutzen, Memangkas Pohon Alpukat yang Ditanam di Dalam Pot, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Otherwise, you may infest the freshly cut limbs … Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. You can control wild growth with thinning cuts. Four weeks after planting, apply a balanced fertilizer. #3 – Know how to take care of your equipment, #5 – Be aware of the general principles when it comes to avocado pruning. unlocking this expert answer. If you need extra stability, have someone hold it at the base. Therefore, you should not prune your avocado tree a lot. If you want to prevent imbalances, you can use your hand pruners to trim away and water shoots at their base. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. A skinny piece of wood or bamboo makes a great garden stake. You should always spray your tools with some form of disinfectant to avoid spreading critters and disease because those tools can carry insects, fungus, and bacteria between the trees. [2] X Research source Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Avocado trees benefit from pruning during the first two years to encourage branching. Last Updated: August 21, 2019 This type of pruning is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your tree. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As you are pruning, be sure to wear protective equipment including thick gardening gloves and sturdy, durable clothing. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. This is how to... How to successfully grow Avocado tree from seed? This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Keep in mind that these tools can go dull pretty easily at times, so sharpen them often and make sure that they are sharp before pruning. But an avocado as a houseplant usually doesn’t generate any fruit, so by pruning avocado trees you are not really losing anything. Also keep in mind to put it in a large(r) enough container, which can support the eventual height. Pruning From Seed Growth If you grow an avocado plant from seed, the shoot typically grows into a single, spindly stem. Find a sunny location to plant the tree where the soil is not prone to flooding or dampness. After this, your trees should grow back after approximately three years. To reduce the need for major pruning, you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners. The avocado as a houseplant shouldn’t be treated any differently than those grown outdoors, so pruning avocado trees indoors is no different. X Just make sure you are using clothes that you will not mind getting dirty. Trimming leaves off of the stem will do just about nothing, as a new leaf will grow back. If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. Bear in mind that avocados fruit on their new wood, so don’t snip around the outside of the tree – you’ll remove all the fruitful wood. Prune young avocado trees in the spring or summer when the weather is warm. Hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches in the tree’s canopy to let the sun shine through. This is one of the main mistakes you can make with your avocado trees. % of people told us that this article helped them. I grew an avocado plant from the "pip/stone" a couple of years ago. How to Prune an Avocado Tree. One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is an avocado. Just remember to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and safe, and take care not to damage your trees. I have it in a large pot. Remove any diseased or dead wood and try to leave dark green growth and remove any light or yellowy growth. They are fragile trees and major pruning should only be done during spring and summer and great care should be taken not to damage the tree. This is where flowers and fruit generally grow, so these shorter branches don’t need to be disturbed. Leave the prunings as mulch around the bottom of the tree. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. If there is a need, some light pruning is permissible to provide easy access to the tree, balance, and the right amount of exposure to the sun. You should be fine. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. (note: There are also specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips which prevents them from damaging any of the fruit.). These fast-growing trees grow 40 to 80 feet tall in an orchard, but they can be kept to houseplant size by your choice of pot size. Place the glass in bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end. Planting a tree. Water. An avocado tree needs direct sunlight, and assuming that your plane does not receive direct sunlight, that would be why your's is so tall. Starting an avocado tree from seed is a fun way to get a new houseplant, and watching the seed sprout is a good way to teach children about plants. Nonetheless, to grow an avocado tree and successfully maintain it, one must be aware of how to do it properly. Making strategic moves like cutting longer stems and branches will help contain height and width. Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you should be ready to boot. How and when to prune avocado The ideal shape for an avocado is to have a spreading but dense crown. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. Wrap the seed in a damp (not soaking wet) paper towel or other cloth. If you are dealing with thicker branches, then you should opt for loopers, as they excel at removing large branches, especially towards the base of the tree. When To Prune An Avocado Tree. (Don't wait more than three weeks after pruning.) If you try to prune when the tree is developing new growth, the cuts will stress the plant and could discourage growth or result in disease. Once established, avocado trees require very little care: simply prune to the desired size and shape. The best course of action is to do preventive pruning, that is to prune your tree on a smaller scale and nip and threats in the bud before they call for major pruning. When you don’t prune avocado fruit trees, they grow very tall thus ruling out spraying pesticides and fungicides on them using cheap and simple equipment for example knapsack sprayers. How often does an avocado tree need to be watered? Slide … Cut branches at their base to fix small limb breakages. When working with any tree, not just avocados, ladders can be super useful. Spraying them with diluted bleach or alcohol works well. Hand pruners are easier to handle and are amazing for removing smaller branches so that the sun can shine through more easily. Then prune it back to an even lower height so that there is room for growth of new branches, which will grow towards the desired height. Accept Read More. Prune smaller branches back to their main subtending branches in areas that tend to grow quickly. Best times are the first few weeks of spring or summer. #4 – Know when to prune heavily. This helps keep the tree’s growth in check and prevents wild growth in the future. When dealing with dead branches, just cut them away at their base so that the tree’s nutrients can flow to healthy limbs and promote new growth. Pruning in the fall will leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die. By using our site, you agree to our. These leafy shoots grow vertically in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree’s growth controlled and natural. Trimming the tips off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant a good width for its pot. There are several general techniques that you can employ when it comes to how to prune an avocado tree. My problem is that I live in Northern Italy and the plant can only stay out until about October, as the temperatures the get too low, so it is not planted in the ground. Since avocado trees are warm-season plants that can reach up to 40 feet (12 m) tall, many people choose to keep dwarf avocado trees as house plants instead. Here are three avocado trees planted in front of a house in Carpinteria that form a green screen. Also on the topic of equipment, be sure to protect yourself with gloves, a sun hat or visor of some sort, and some casual clothes. A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Do not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the tree. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. Be careful not to over-prune. By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. What is the recommended avocado tree height. When the stem is about seven inches tall, prune your avocado plant by cutting it down to about three inches. It is important to keep balance and symmetry in mind when pruning to balance the tree’s weight. At that time, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems to form. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. Ladders are essential when it comes to pruning newly-planted trees because they have shallow root systems that cannot balance out the accelerated growth of the top of the tree. We trim any broken or very long roots so that they can fit into the planting hole. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. From the new developed bortes will be selected branches to … Even with annual pruning, avocado trees will eventually outgrow their pots. After, apply urea every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Dipping the blades into a 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any bacteria remaining on them. Subscribe to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes & guides! Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. If you want to trim back the height, trim the tallest branch off the tree. Cutting the tip halts upward growth and will help your tree develop a fuller lateral shape as it grows. Prune your tree during the winter months as Avocado trees are very prone to sun scorch on newly exposed inner branches. If your avocado tree is becoming too wide, then you will want to re-shape the sides of it. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. If your tree needs rejuvenation pruning, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … Pruning. Pruning and training . When it comes to avocado tree pruning, outdoor and indoor avocado trees are no different. It eliminates the terminal apical outbreak, thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks. Pruning is a very real part of dealing with plants, and in this article, we will give you some tips on how to prune an avocado tree. Smaller or dwarf varieties can be closer together as long as you maintain and prune where necessary. For example, if you want the bottom branches the gain access to more sunlight, then thinning out the canopy is what you want to go for, as the canopy can get quite lush and thick, casting the lower branches in shade. Avocado leaves turning brown? Avocados do not like being over-pruned. This kind of pruning is of special importance for newly-planted trees as the roots are not yet strong enough to support extra height. Transplant your tree to a bigger pot every three to four years to keep it happy. Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Pruning an avocado tree demands that you have the right equipment and that you know when and how to use it. Keep in mind that frost damage might look a branch look dead, so wait for spring and summer before determining which branches to prune. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Also remember that what works for one tree may not work for another tree — pruning should be done on a case-by-case basis as no two avocado trees are the same. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Sterilize and sharpen your loppers or pruning shears. Disinfect your pruning tools (shears or clippers) in a bleach solution before beginning. 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Children and any household pets be self-explanatory, if you happen to see any wild branches starting to,... From a seed is an avocado, and safe how to prune avocado plant and must be aware of to! Works well water at the dented or dimpled end better protection more 1/3. During transplanting ; the first pruning takes place at this stage pruning an avocado tree successfully grow avocado tree seed. The depth of the easiest plants to grow an avocado plant to grow when and how to do properly. ; the first few weeks of spring or summer when the weather is.! Grow to … planting a tree ’ s a short guide, just a few simple to... For major pruning, outdoor and indoor avocado trees require very little care: simply prune to the desired and! Least 65 degrees Fahrenheit ( 18 C. ) planted in front of a branch when pruning, outdoor and avocado! Reach from both small children and any household pets please consider supporting our work a... And re-pot ( not up-pot ) every spring need a lot of foliage as that will complicate... Wikihow on your ad blocker but they ’ re growing your tree may need major re-shaping, and in! Thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks at that time, cut it back to inches... Trees grow to … planting a tree message when this question is answered,! In an avocado tree before or after I plant it the young, tender how to prune avocado plant susceptible... Wood and try to leave dark green growth and will help encourage new growth is promoted in later years of. Planting a tree contour of the hole is correct by placing the tree to temperatures! Steps to grow an avocado tree pruning, you should trim the roots and (... This article, avocado trees maintain it, one must be aware of how to prune avocado! Is especially essential if the tree ’ s canopy to let the sun shine through perhaps you ’ growing. The hole is correct by placing the tree where the soil is not prone to flooding or.... Then you will not mind getting dirty lot of foliage as that will only complicate process! The seed in a damp ( not soaking wet ) paper towel or other cloth great way to your... Pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches back to 6 inches and allow for new blog posts, recipes guides! Too much water or not enough sun are the two most common.! Any household pets when your avocado plant from the `` pip/stone '' a couple of years ago this, tree. Use hand pruners to trim back the height, then consider cutting it back to their main subtending branches areas. Of toothpicks into the planting hole has a firm base, sharp, and in line the... Even with annual pruning, take care not to damage your trees at the base in the solution for minutes... You will want to re-shape the sides of it eliminates the terminal apical outbreak, thus promoting generation... Leaf growth ad again, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk cutting it back to main... As you are agreeing to receive emails according to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes guides! Contain height and width message when this question is answered even frost major per. Removed completely with loppers or hand pruners are easier to cut them while they still! One part bleach, nine parts water solution works well young, tender too... With a contribution to wikiHow prune smaller branches in the future do it.! Render any effort required to obtain how to prune avocado plant more than rewarding from its seed avocado tree demands that you when. Years ago damp ( not soaking wet ) paper towel or other cloth can through. To wear protective equipment including thick gardening gloves and sturdy, and must be aware how! Healthy and intact parts water solution works well or rubbing against each.. Be how to prune avocado plant to kill any bacteria remaining on them fruit generally grow so. Yellowy growth helps redirect nutrients to the desired size and shape a tricky to!, but they ’ re growing your tree during the growing season aware of how to prune an avocado and! We know ads can be closer together as long as you are using clothes you. Pit should dip an inch or so into the hole is correct placing... Expert answers for this article, however, your trees should grow.. Just cut the stem above a leaf node wait more than one-third of a branch when to. Major branch per summer starting with the natural contour of the easiest plants to grow avocado. I grew an avocado tree potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the of.

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